This article is taken from national.co.uk
The first step is finding the correct pressure rating for your vehicle. These can be found on your vehicle in the following places:
a) Your car or truck’s manual
b) Printed on the inside ledge of the driver’s door
c) Inside the petrol cap.
The correct pressure setting is determined by the manufacturer of your vehicle and is different depending on the make and model of each vehicle. If you are unable to locate the recommended pressure, use this tyre pressure web link. Simply type in your registration plate and the link will provide your recommended pressure.
When you locate the pressure chart for your vehicle, you will find that pressure varies depending on the weight of your load. E.g . when you’re travelling alone, the pressure should be different from when your vehicle is loaded with family, baggage etc.
|Volkswagen Polo, 5 door hatchback|
|Tyre Size||Front Tyres||Rear Tyres|
|165/70R14 T 81||2.3 BAR / 34 PSI||2.1 BAR / 31 PSI|
|175/65R14 H 82||2.3 BAR / 34 PSI||2.1 BAR / 31 PSI|
|185/60R14 H 86||2.1 BAR / 31 PSI||2.1 BAR / 31 PSI|
|195/50R15 H 82||2.3 BAR / 34 PSI||2.1 BAR / 31 P|
MEASURING YOUR TYRE PRESSURE
To test your tyre pressure, you need an accurate pressure gauge. Take off the dust cap on the valve, fix on the pressure gauge and take a note of the result. If your tyre needs extra air, you should inflate it using an air pump at home, or use the facilities provided in many petrol stations. If the tyre is overinflated according to the pressure chart, you can allow air to escape whilst the dust cap is off.
When your tyres are at the right pressure, take off the air pipe, make sure there’s no dirt in the valve, and re connect the dust cap.
If you’re not happy carrying out a pressure check at home, for instance if you don’t have the proper equipment or aren’t confident at checking the levels, then staff at National Tyres and Autocare will be delighted to help – just pop along to your local branch for a no-cost check.
DIFFERENT MAKES OF PRESSURE GAUGE
There is a wide range of makes available to buy online or in high street shops like Halfords. Costs range from below £5 to £25 depending on the manufacturer. Some are produced by safety organisations like the AA or tyre brands like Michelin.
BAR PRESSURE VS PSI PRESSURE
There are two different measurements to record tyre pressure – bar or psi. If your gauge doesn’t match the reference in your handbook, then it’s easy to change measurements by using this website link: Find your recommended tyre pressures
WHY TYRE PRESSURE MATTERS
Having the right tyre pressure may help prolong the life span of your vehicle’s tyres, increases the vehicle’s safety and helps save fuel.
TYRE LIFESPAN – TREAD WEAR
A tyre’s life-span may be decreased by up to 75% if the tyre is operating at around 80% of the optimum pressure. However, if pressure drops to 60% (surprisingly, this isn’t unusual), tyre lifetime may be decreased up to 35%. If your tyres are wearing out fast on the outer edges, this can be an early indication of possible under-inflation.. Take action, because if this problem is left unattended, this may soon result in your tyres becoming illegal.
VEHICLE SAFETY – BLOW-OUTS
Blow-outs can be caused by tyres which are under inflated. When this happens, there is insufficient air to hold up the vehicle’s weight. This causes the sidewalls to be compressed by the vehicle’s weight resulting in them flexing over their regular limits. This kind of abnormal flexing can cause a build up of heat in the tyre and significantly raises the likelihood of a blow out.
IMPROVED FUEL REQUIREMENTS
When tyres are under inflated, there is a greater proportion of tyre tread touching the surface of the road . This causes an increase in friction which slows the tyre as it rolls along the road. You you may hear this referred to as increased rolling resistance). What this means is your vehicle has to use far more power when driving on under inflated tyres, resulting in an unavoidable rise in petrol/diesel use. As well as being an added expense to you, this can also have a detrimental impact on the environment as the more fuel you use, the higher the levels of carbon dioxide are emitted from your car – so the correct pressure can help save money as well as the environment.
In conclusion, maintaining your tyres at the correct pressure could increase the lifespan of your tyres, improve the safety levels of your driving, and also benefit your wallet as well as the environment.
|TOP TEN TYRE PRESSURE GUIDELINES|
|1.||Carry out a tyre pressure check at least once per month, prior to all trips and when you vary the vehicle’s usual load.|
|2.||Tyres must be cold when you carry out the check – preferably when they’ve driven under two miles|
|3.||Get the right pressure reading from your vehicle manual, driver’s door ledge, petrol cap or using the online search above.|
|4.||Change the pressures as shown in your vehicle’s manual when the vehicle is fully loaded (for instance, when you load your car up for family holidays).|
|5.||Use a dependable gauge to measure your pressure.|
|6.||Remember to examine all of your tyres not forgetting the spare one!|
|7.||Don’t forget to check any towed vehicles, e.g. trailer/caravan/horsebox|
|8.||During your pressure check, give your tyre a visual check for tread wear or problems like slashes/cuts/bulges.|
|9.||Pressure decreases more rapidly in warmer weather, so make sure you check tyres frequently in summer time.|
|10.||If uncertain, talk to qualified staff at your local National Tyres and Autocare.|
RUN-FLAT TYRES AND PRESSURE
Run-flat/self supporting tyres are tyres which have been specially manufactured so they are able to keep driving for a short period following deflation, i.e. they will still work without air pressure. The sidewalls of the tyre are specially reinforced with specialised inserts which are strong enough to carry the vehicle’s weight even if the tyre has absolutely no air pressure.
Typically, you will be able to drive your vehicle for at least fifty miles at an average speed of 30mph following deflation using run-flat tyres. However, this depends on conditions like your vehicle’s load, speed and motoring conditions.
It is critical that vehicles using run-flat tyres have a special system installed to constantly measure tyre pressure, as it is generally impossible to sense a pressure change in this type of tyre. This system is known as TPMS – Tyre Pressure Monitoring System – and if you are towing a vehicle with run-flat tyres, then again, this vehicle must be equipped with TPMS.
TYRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEMS (TPMS)
Certain new cars, such as Citroens andPeugeots , come with a built in TPMS. The Tyre Pressure Monitoring System continually tracks the pressure and temperature of tyres, warning the motorist of any problems as they occur. The system runs constantly, providing a near instant warning of any kind of problem with the vehicle’s tyre pressure.
This benefits the motorist in many ways:
* No need to manually check tyre pressure
* Lower wear on tyres as they operate at correct pressure
* Lower fuel use
* Decreased likelihood of early tyre failure.
Further to European Parliament laws, after November 1st 2012, TPMS will be installed as standard on all new cars sold within the European Union. . Tyre safety bodies estimate that as much as 90% of vehicles using UK roads drive with incorrectly inflated tyres resulting in greater petrol/diesel use as well as quicker tyre wear. On your typical family saloon, a mere 6psi decrease in pressure results in a 20% rise in fuel requirements as well as a 30% increase in tyre wear. However, this reduction in tyre pressure would hardly ever be detected during usual driving conditions.
Advantages of maintaining correct pressures include: increased safety through superior handling, shorter braking distances, reduced chance of aquaplaning, lower tyre wear, lower fuel requirements and reduced carbon dioxide emissions. It is estimated that by the end of 2012, over 4 million cars driving in the UK will be fitted with TPMS.
The majority of detectors have an expected life of about seven years. The correct equipment and procedures must be used to reconfigure the replacement/new sensors in to the vehicle’s on board diagnostics. For example, installers will have to ensure that the Tyre Pressure Monitoring System is functioning before working on a motor vehicle, and will have to appraise the status of every sensor and provide alternatives to the customer when a sensor approaches the end of its life.
TYRE SURE TPMS
Tyresure’s Tyre Pressure Monitoring System monitors all tyres 24/7 and warns drivers both audibly and visually of any problem in pressure or temperature within 3 seconds of it occurring.
|Benefits of Tyresure’s TPMS|
|1 .||CE Certified and totally wireless.|
|2 .||Shows pressures in either PSI or BAR readings.|
|3 .||Vivid, sharp, colour LCD (Size 84mmw x 51mmh x 20mmd).|
|4 .||Battery lifespan of seven years.|
|5 .||Changeable TPMS valves.|
|6 .||Wireless display plus four complete sensors.|
|7 .||12 months manufacture warranty.|
|8 .||Ideal for track racing – no need to guess tyre pressures; highly visible LCD display.|
|Advantages of choosing the Tyresure TPMS|
|1 .||You don’t need to manually check your pressures, helping you save time.|
|2 .||Reduction in fuel use, helping you save money.|
|3 .||Regular tyre wear costing you less money.|
|4 .||Decreased likelihood of early tyre failure, helping savemoney and time.|
|5 .||Fewer accidents, helping save lives.|
The Tyresure TPMS retails at only £180.00 at your local National Tyres and Autocare – price includes fitment.
The TPMS system was selected as ‘Top Product’ on Channel 5’s The Gadget Show’s Focus Group -November 2008.
TO WHAT SETTING SHOULD PRESSURE BE SET?
The LO level of the system can be set from 20 psi to 40 psi. It is recommended that the LO level is set at five psi under the maker’s recommended pressure. In the case of a car’s pressures varying front to back, the LO level should be set to four psi under the lower pressure. The HI level of the system can be set from 30-60 psi.. As tyre pressures often rise by between 4-8 psi on a normal journey, it is recommended that the HI levels are set to 10 psi over the manufacturer’s recommended pressure.
When a car’s pressures vary front to back, the HI level should be set to 10 psi over the higher pressure.